Emotional Effects of Sexual Assault

Sexual assault is one of the most traumatic experiences a person can go through. After the incident, the victim doesn’t just suffer physical injuries. He or she may also deal with emotional scars for a long time. Let’s take a closer look at some of the emotional effects of sexual assault:


It’s very common for many sexual assault victims to become very depressed after the incident. They may wonder why this terrible thing happened to them and if they could have done something to prevent it. The persistent sadness they feel can cause them to lose interest in activities they once enjoyed and feel hopeless all the time. They may lie in bed for hour every day and even have suicidal thoughts.


Victims may also become much more anxious after getting sexually assaulted. They may be nervous about going out by themselves because they fear they will get assaulted again. Being anxious all the time can affect their performance at work and make it difficult for them to maintain their personal relationships.

Sleep Issues

Some individuals who have been sexually assaulted may have trouble falling asleep at night. They may have memories of the assault stuck in their head as they are lying in bed. Sexual assault victims may also have nightmares about the sexual assault, which might make them scared about falling asleep.

Intimacy Problems

Individuals who have been sexually assaulted may also have issues with intimacy. Having sexual intercourse may stir up feelings of fear and anxiety. This can cause major issues in romantic relationships. It is important for sexual assault victims to openly discuss these issues with their partners.

Substance Abuse Problems

There are some individuals who become so distraught after a sexual assault that they use alcohol or drugs to numb out their feelings. Using these substances can be harmful to their physical and emotional health.


Sexual assault victims may also intentionally inflict physical harm on themselves. They may burn, cut, scratch or rub sharp objects into their skin to numb out the emotional pain they feel.

If you have been sexually assaulted, you deserve justice. You may be entitled to monetary compensation for what you have been through. A personal injury lawyer may help you file a civil lawsuit against the person who sexually assaulted you so that you can get some closure. Common damages in sexual assault lawsuits include medical bills, lost income and pain and suffering.

During your initial consultation with a personal injury lawyer, he or she will want to ask you several questions about your case. As painful as it may be to talk about the incident, it is important to tell your lawyer the whole truth. The more information your lawyer knows, the better he or she can help you.

You only have so much time to file a sexual assault lawsuit. Do not miss out on your opportunity for compensation. Schedule a free consultation with a Las Vegas sexual assault attorney today.



Thank you to our contributors at the law office of Nadia Von Magdenko for the important information above.

Can a lawyer help me to find the right evidence to prove negligence?

Have you been injured in an accident that was not your fault? Perhaps you know that negligence was a factor, but you’re concerned about having evidence or proof that backs up this belief? You might have in your possession photos or copies of your medical records that could help with your defense, but are not sure how to put everything together so that it compliments your case as a whole. This is when the expertise of a skilled personal injury lawyer can benefit you. A good lawyer knows evidence that shows proof beyond a reasonable doubt is crucial for a successful outcome.

This is one of the most important, costly, and time consuming phases of a case. Your lawyer will need to find evidence that defends your own allegations as well as protects you against anything being said from the defending party. In a case that may be going to trial, this is known as the discovery process. The discovery process is typically much more complex than the gathering of evidence required for a claim; however there are some similarities.

Before your personal injury lawyer takes your case to the defending party in search of a settlement, or in front of a jury, he or she may gather evidence by turning to any of the following or more:

Expert Witnesses – Expert witnesses are extremely valuable in a personal injury case. These people have a certain level of skill in a particular field that essentially qualifies them to make an educated opinion about the facts of a case. Doctors, researchers, scientists, lawyers, investigators, and other professionals are a few examples of who could be considered an expert witness.

Accident Witnesses – If there were any credible witnesses who saw what happened, a personal injury lawyer might ask them to make a statement. These statements can help a lawyer piece together what happened just before the accident, or after. They might also help to establish legal responsibility. Not all witnesses may be credible to your claim, the right lawyer should be able to identify this so as not to affect the outcome of your case.

Photographs and Videos – Photos, video footage, surveillance footage, and other recorded data may be highly sought after by a lawyer. This is partly because these things can capture a moment that might have otherwise gone unnoticed. Photos of your injuries and the accident may also help to prove the severity of the accident; thereby, ensure you get maximum compensation.

Private Investigators – For every lawyer needs, there is a private investigator who will be able to support their work. These professionals can help a personal injury lawyer to learn about insurance claims, the defending party’s driving history or work history, whether a person had insurance coverage on a certain date, whether there were complaints against a licensing board, and other background information. A private investigator may also be the right person to find someone who is no longer on the radar.

Assessment of Medical Records – Another way to prove your car accident claim is by carefully assessing your medical records. This will also likely include an evaluation of your current and prospective treatment so that your claim covers all of your medical expenses.

Rest assured, a knowledgeable personal injury lawyer will know how to find the evidence and proof needed to support your claim or lawsuit. To learn more, call a personal injury lawyer Chicago IL residents trust.



Thank you to our contributors and The Law Office of Konrad Sherinian for the above information.

Why Truck Driver Fatigue is Risky

Truck drivers must often haul thousands of pounds in goods to their assigned destination within a certain time period. Due to these demands, a truck driver may feel pressure to skip out on necessary sleep, breaks or rest periods in order to meet their strict deadlines. What many may not realize is so risky about this, is that a truck driver lacking sleep can lead to catastrophic accidents. When a truck driver is sleep-deprived, they may not even realize they are operating the vehicle in an unsafe manner. If you ever witness a truck driver nodding off, swerving in their lane or otherwise driving threateningly, it is recommended that you call police immediately. You may also want to reach out to a truck accident attorney Dekalb County GA locals rely on.

In this article, we delve more in-depth into why truck driving while sleepy is so dangerous to other vehicles in a question and answer format.

Are truck drivers trained in order to operate commercial vehicles?

Yes, in most cases professional truck drivers must go through training before they are permitted to drive such vast vehicles. When the body is exhausted, we may be forced to go through small periods of microsleep. Unfortunately for truck drivers, there is simply no training sufficient enough to battle microsleep. Despite advanced skill in driving, a truck driver still cannot combat the overwhelming biological need for sleep.

Tell me more about microsleep. How does this happen within the body?

Microsleep is an uncontrollable, short period of sleep that results in loss of attention, head nodding, blank stares or even eye closure. This often happens to those who are trying very hard to remain awake while performing a monotonous task. When a truck driver must operate a vehicle on long, straight roads for hours at a time, their mind can also become easily bored. A period of microsleep can last anywhere from less than a second, up to thirty seconds. A person who is microsleeping usually has no idea that this is happening.

Is the weight of a commercial truck a factor in car accidents?

Absolutely. The average commercial truck can weigh around 80,000 pounds. By shocking contrast, standard passenger vehicles can weigh around 4,000 pounds. The sheer difference in weight and size can easily be felt by anyone who has driven next to a commercial truck.

Are there federal regulations that enforce how long a truck driver can be behind the wheel?

Yes, there are federal rules which establish driving time limits for truck drivers. Unfortunately, a driver may feel pressure to break these rules in order to arrive at their destination on-time. This may greatly contribute to being sleepy while driving because the driver may skip out on rest breaks or even sleeping time. The federal regulations for truck drivers include:

  • A truck driver cannot exceed driving more than 60 hours in a week duration.
  • A truck driver cannot exceed driving more than 14 continuous hours within 24 hours.
  • A truck driver can drive for 11 continuous hours within 14 hours, but only after taking a break for 10 continuous hours.   
  • A truck driver cannot exceed driving more than 70 hours in an 8-day consecutive period.



Thank you to Andrew R. Lynch, P.C. and his team for the above information.

Repetitive Stress Injuries in the Workplace

When most people think about work injuries, they imagine sudden and catastrophic events, like chemical explosions or machine entanglement. However, the majority of workplace injuries develop over time from repetitive motions. When workers repeat the same motion over and over for months or years, it can put considerable stress on their joints. They may experience so much pain that they can’t perform their job functions anymore. If you suspect that you developed a repetitive stress injury from work, you may be entitled to workers’ compensation. A workers comp lawyer Rockville residents trust should have experience handling cases jues like these.

What Type of Workers Are At Risk of Repetitive Stress Injuries?

Individuals who work in front of computers all day have the biggest risk of developing repetitive stress injuries. They spend hours a day typing on a keyboard with little rest, which can put a lot of stress on the joints, muscles and tendons. These workers are especially at risk of developing carpal tunnel syndrome, which causes numbness and tingling in the hand and arm.

Cashiers at supermarkets and retail stores can also develop repetitive stress injuries because they often have to scan hundreds of items every shift in a quick manner. They also have to stand for long periods of time, which can add to the problem.

Other professions that carry a high risk of repetitive stress injuries include mechanics, musicians, assembly line workers and butchers.

Is It Possible to Prevent Repetitive Stress Injuries?

Fortunately, there are a few ways you can reduce the risk of developing repetitive stress injuries at work. If you work in front of a computer most of the day, ask your employer to adjust the height and angle of your computer screen and give you a keyboard rest.

It’s also beneficial to take frequent breaks throughout the day and do stretching exercises on your hands and arms. Try to change up the tasks you do every day and maintain good posture.

What Should You Do If You Have Repetitive Stress Injuries?

Repetitive stress injuries can develop over time, so many people miss the early warning signs. If you notice tingling or numbness in your fingers or arms, pain in your limbs or fatigue, you may have this condition. It’s important to notify your employer as soon as possible and file a workers’ compensation claim. Workers’ compensation benefits can cover your medical bills and lost wages while you recover from your injury.

If your employer has denied your claim or has retaliated against you, it may be in your best interest to consult with an experienced workers’ compensation attorney. He or she may stand up for your rights and help you obtain the compensation you deserve for your injuries. With a confident attorney on your side, you can have a peace of mind about your situation.

If you would like to schedule a free consultation with a workers’ compensation attorney, it is encouraged that you to call a skilled attorney nearest you.



Thank you to our contributors at Polsky, Shouldice, and Rosen, P.C. for the insightful information above. 

What If I Got Hurt in a Bus Accident?

Bus accidents can be very serious incidents in which the driver, passengers and other cars involved can sustain painful injuries that require medical treatment. Amidst the accumulating medical bills and recovery period, a bus rider may wonder if they are able to receive financial repayment for their injury costs. Particularly for those who sustained more serious or even life-threatening conditions, may find themselves enduring severe financial distress. A bus passenger may then wonder what their options are, and how they can go about seeking restitution.

In this article, we have answered many of the common questions bus riders have after being involved in a bus collision.

What if I feel decent after the bus accident, should I still see a doctor?

It is recommended that a bus passenger who is involved in an accident gets a medical evaluation, just in case. Sometimes our body does not show symptoms of injuries until hours or days later. Unless the accident was a small bumper collision where both vehicles were going at a very slow speed and there were no visible damages to either vehicle, then you may want to see a doctor.

Who may be responsible for my injury costs?

If the bus driver was at-fault for the accident happening, then a passenger may be able to sue him or her for costs of medical care. Many people choose to consult with an attorney about their rights and legal options before filing a lawsuit.

What information should I collect from the bus driver?

Just as if you were involved in any other kind of vehicle accident, you will want to exchange information with the person who was driving. Here is a list of details you should gather at the scene:

  • Bus driver name, address, phone number, driver’s license number, insurance company & bus license plate
  • Contact information of any bystanders or witnesses who stopped to help
  • Evidence of the accident, including pictures of noticeable injuries, the scene of the collision and bus damages

When should I seek help from an attorney?

If your injuries extend past what the standard first aid kit can offer, than you may want to get help from a legal professional. If you have a pile of medical bills to pay, a personal injury lawyer Lakeland FL trusts can offer guidance on how to go about seeking repayment from the person responsible for the accident.  

What should I bring to an appointment with an attorney?

Bring all paperwork that is related to the accident and your resulting injuries. Examples of helpful documents can include a copy of your physical exam, diagnostics, emergency care, current treatment plan, loss of pay due to missing work, police report and photographs taken at the scene.

What if it was a mechanical malfunction that caused the accident?

It is possible that the bus driver was not at-fault for the accident, and it instead happened as a result of a mechanical issue or engine malfunction. If this if the case, then you may be able to sue the party who owns the bus and is responsible for keeping up with proper maintenance.



Thank you to our contributors at the  David & Philpot, P.L. law firm for the information of bus accident injuries.

Hit and Run: What Happens Next?

Car accidents are scary enough, but when one of the parties flees the scene, things can become even more stressful. In all 50 states leaving the scene of an accident is a crime. Most culprits flee because they do not have a valid driver’s license or insurance policy, but did you also know that providing false information can also be considered a hit and run? If you’re involved in a hit and run accident, follow the dos and don’ts below:


DO get to safety. If you can, move your vehicle out of traffic.

DO call the police immediately. Always call the police if you’ve been in an auto accident. Creating a police report about the incident will be crucial to filing a claim with your insurance company.

DO gather as much information as you can. Even though the person and vehicle are no longer on the scene, immediately gather as much of the following information as possible, including:

  •   The license plate number
  •   The make/model/color of car
  •   The direction in which the driver took off
  •   The time and location of the accident
  •   A physical description of the person
  •   Pictures of the damage done to your car

DO search for witnesses. This can include a wide range of people, including, people who saw the accident occur, people involved in the accident, and responders to the scene. Ask the witness if they are willing to provide a statement to the police.

DO contact your auto insurance company. Every insurance policy is different, and yours may not cover hit and run incidents. To avoid being financially responsible for an accident you did not cause, make sure your auto insurance policy has at least one of the following coverages:

  •   Uninsured Motorist Coverage: this can help provide coverage for any injury caused by an uninsured, negligent driver. In the case of a hit and run, the negligent driver is unknown and therefore uninsured.
  •   Collision Coverage: this can help cover the cost of repairing/replacing the damage to your car


DON’T leave the scene of the accident. Legally, you are obligated to stop if you’ve been in an accident. Failure to do so could lead to serious criminal charges if anyone was injured.

DON’T try to chase down the culprit. If you leave the scene yourself, you could be held legally culpable. Plus, chasing down the person who struck you could be potentially dangerous.

DON’T lose your temper. When someone puts you and your family in harm’s way, it is easy to let your emotions get the best of you. But getting angry is not productive or helpful in the aftermath of an accident. Don’t be aggressive or confront any of the other parties involved.

If you’ve been injured in a hit and run, contact a lawyer, like a car accident lawyer Central Phoenix, AZ relies on, today.



Thanks to our friends and contributors from Kamper Estrada, LLP for their insight into

What are Economic Damages?

If your personal injury attorney talks with you about your losses and uses the term economic damages or losses, it is in your best interest to request an explanation for the meaning of any words with which you are unfamiliar. But if that moment has passed you by, the following examples should give you a clear idea of what attorneys mean when they discuss economic damages.

Economic damages is a legal term used to describe the monetary value of the losses you have suffered in the past, currently are suffering or may suffer from in the future due to an injury you received that was caused by another person or entity. Economic damages are verifiable; others must be estimated. They may include, but are not limited to one or more of the following losses:

  1. Medical expenses – Medical expenses include, but are not limited to emergency room charges, ER doctor, office visits, CT scans, MRIs, radiology, blood work, physical therapy, surgical procedures, hospital, medical devices and rehabilitation.
  2. Loss of wages – A loss of past wages may be verified with tax returns. Jobs that involve compensations by commission may require an averaging of the client’s commission/bonus history. An economic expert may be engaged to evaluate future wage loss using earning expectations, life expectancy and inflationary tables.
  3. Future costs of living life with a permanent disability – A plaintiffs’ attorney takes into consideration, clients who will be living the remainder of their lives under the strain of a permanent disability. Costs associated with a disability include vehicle upgrades and transportation costs; housing reconstruction or purchase; in-home care; future surgeries, medical devices, etcetera. An economic expert may be required to chart the plaintiff’s life expectancy, take the cost of inflation and future surgeries into consideration. This does not include compensation for the actual disability; pain and suffering caused by a permanent disability is generally reflected under the category of non-economic damages.
  4. Burial expenses – In claims of wrongful death, economic damages include, but are not limited to caskets, cremation ceremony, funeral home, plot, etcetera.
  5. Property damage – personal property such as your vehicle and the contents within your vehicle may be replaced and receipted.

When you discuss your claim with your personal injury attorney, like a trusted Indianapolis personal injury lawyer, he or she will take into account your past and future economic damages, as well as your non-economic damages and a possible request for punitive damages…the latter two best saved for a future discussion.

Thanks to our friends and contributors from Ward & Ward Law Firm for their insight into economic damages.

Can I sue my doctor for leaving something in my body during surgery?

If a doctor or nurse leaves for example, a sponge or surgical tool in your body after a surgery, a lawsuit can definitely be filed. However, it runs the risk of being contested; for example the doctor may say that the nurses should have gotten the object out or the nurses may say the doctor should not have left it in your body. This is a serious claim of negligence against the doctor because the doctor did not do his duty as a healthcare provider. He did not adhere to the accepted standard of care for medical doctor and put your health at risk by doing so. Something else that you need to consider is that when there is a foreign object in the body, a statute of limitations still applies. Many individuals wonder when it starts; it typically begins to run when the person finds out about the foreign object in his or her body. So, if there is an X-ray and it shows that there is a sponge in the body or a scalpel then, the date of the x-ray being taken and made known to the patient is the date the deadline begins.

Pointy, sharp objects like scalpels, pens, or needles can puncture or lacerate your veins, arteries, tissues, and vital organs. This can lead to life threatening complications like heavy internal bleeding. If your stomach, large intestine or small intestine is punctured in the process, the contents of the organ can spill out into your abdominal cavity. This is known as gastrointestinal perforation and can lead to peritonitis (inflammation of your abdominal wall), a seriously dangerous infection that requires immediate surgery to ensure survival. Some warning signs that a foreign object is located within your body include:

  • Discoloration or streaks surrounding the incision area.
  • Your stitches begin to pull apart by themselves
  • You develop a fever
  • You have a normal appetite, but cannot keep food or drinks down
  • Changes in the color of your stool
  • Foul odors coming from the incision site
  • Numbness in your hands or feet
  • Difficulty breathing

Contact a Lawyer Today

There are many skilled medical malpractice law firms that  have been fighting for victims just like you for years and work aggressively to get their clients the financial compensation they deserve for the losses their injuries have caused like lost wages and medical expenses. Damages of this rare claim also generally include the cost of the future surgery to remove whatever was left in the body and any pain and suffering that that is caused as well.

If something has been left inside of your body at the negligence of a doctor, you should find an attorney who is happy to discuss your situation and how they may be able to help. Due to the complexity of a medical malpractice case, it may be in your best interest to take a proactive approach and retain legal counsel. The first step in retaining a medical malpractice by scheduling what is known as an initial consultation. During the initial consultation, a medical malpractice lawyer Deer Park, TX residents trust should provide an evaluation of your case. You also will have the opportunity to ask questions concerning your medical malpractice claim. A medical malpractice attorney typically charges no fee for the initial consultation.

Thank you to our contributors at John K. Zaid & Associates for the above information.

Chronic Neck Pain

Chronic neck pain to the outsider may seem like just an uncomfortable occurrence, but to the person suffering, they know it is life altering. Neck pain affects energy, brain function, attention/focus, motivation, bowel function and leads to spinal degeneration. The physical, mental and emotional toll neck pain takes is costly and in most situations completely avoidable with the right combination of therapies.

Chiropractors can be the right practitioner for chronic neck pain. They are trained in the complex anatomy and functionality of the neck and upper back. With the adverse side effects and addiction rates from pain medications continuing to soar, it is time to take seriously more effective options. Therapy and adjustments from a skilled chiropractor have been proven from empirical evidence and the medical literature to be more effective short and long term for neck pain. Consider these 6 issues as the cause of your neck pain and get the relief you deserve:  

  1. Scar tissue: Whether from chronic improper movement or injury, scar tissue causes decreased range of motion. This results in degeneration, but also prevents good spinal adjustments. Physiotherapy, stem cell therapy, and decreasing inflammation can all support decreasing and preventing more scar tissue
  2. Forward head posture: Most Americans have anywhere from 2-4 inches of forward head posture meaning their head is 2-4 inches too far forward. This comes from looking town at devices too often and too long. Every extra inch of forward head posture adds the stress of 10 lbs to the spine. Under a heavy load, the spine will compress and compensate which results in pain and degeneration.
  3. Range of motion: decreased movement in the neck can be caused by scar tissue, and scar tissue can the the cause of decreased range of motion. Full range of motion actually affects the firing of nerve receptors in the neck. Decreased movement results in decreased nerve receptor action. When the nerve receptors are not fully firing, this leads to spinal degeneration. Be sure your practitioner assesses range of motion as part of preventing further degeneration and pain.
  4. Subluxation: Proper vertebral alignment is a chiropractor’s wheelhouse. This is their “bread and butter,” so to speak. A well aligned spine is imperative for improving neck pain, but only part of the chronic neck pain equation. If your chiropractor only adjusts your spine without assessing and addressing the other five issues, you may want to consider an upgrade.
  5. Inflammation: systemic inflammation must be addressed when solving chronic neck pain. Inflammation leads to thickening and scarring of connective tissue. This leads to spinal degeneration and of course more pain. Inflammation should be seen through a lifestyle lense by considering food choices, poor sleep, chronic stress, improper movement, and toxic relationships as factors in your pain.
  6. Trigger points: These are hard spots of chronically contracted muscle that damage nerves, decrease range of motion, and hold pain. Finding the way to release these that works for you is important from both a pain and inflammation standpoint.

If you think your chronic neck pain was caused by someone else’s negligence, be it traumatically, or through continual, long term, environmental negligence, contact an attorney today.

Thanks to our friends and contributors from LifeWorks Integrative Health for their insight into neck pain.

Arizona Pedestrian Killed by Self-Driving Uber

Two recent fatal collision involving a self-driving Uber and a Tesla which was on autopilot raise many safety concerns and questions. Are these vehicles vetted enough, are they safe enough to be operating on metropolitan roadways and highways?

On March 18, 2018 in Tempe, Arizona, a 49 year old pedestrian walking outside of crosswalk just before 10:00 p.m., was struck by a self-driving Uber Volvo XC90 SUV, she was killed.

The vehicle was traveling northbound, south of Curry Road, when the pedestrian crossed the roadway from west to east, when she was struck.

The self-driving Uber was in autonomous mode, travelling at 40mph at the time of the collision. The vehicle had a driver behind the wheel of the car at the time. Uber claimed to be cooperating with Tempe police. The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration was sending an investigative team.

Previously, Arizona allowed autonomous vehicles on the state’s roads without a test driver behind the wheel.

Uber had been testing autonomous vehicles in Pittsburgh, San Francisco, Toronto and the metropolitan Phoenix area. The United States Department of Transportation cited a poll showing that 78 percent of people fear riding in autonomous vehicles.

After the fatal crash, Arizona’s Governor Doug Ducey suspended Uber’s self-driving car tests. Governor Ducey stated that he found video footage of the crash “disturbing and alarming.” Uber stated that it proactively suspended self-driving operations after the collision. Operations were also suspended in California, Pennsylvania, and Ontario.

California’s Department of Motor Vehicles told Uber that it would lose its testing privileges, following the Arizona crash. If Uber wants the return it will need a new permit and will have to address investigations concerning the Arizona crash.

Another fatality occurred on March 23, 2017 involving a Tesla Model X SUV. The fatal crash took place in Mountain View, the vehicle was on autopilot.

Tesla contends that the driver, age 38, an engineer, who was killed and a damaged freeway barrier were at fault.

Tesla claims that the driver didn’t have his hands on the steering wheel before the crash, despite several warnings from the vehicle. Tesla claims that vehicle logs indicate that the driver did not take action to stop the car from crashing into a concrete lane divider.

Tesla further claimed that there was a missing or damaged safety shield on the end of a freeway barrier, that was damaged in a prior accident, without being replaced, possibly pinning liability elsewhere as a auto accident lawyer Phoenix, AZ relies on can explain.

The decedent’s family stated that the driver took the vehicle in to the Tesla dealership, with complaints about Autopilot problems, before the crash.

Thanks to our friends and contributors from The Law Office of Paul Englander for their insight into car accident case.